- Be concise; delete needless words.
- Choose the right word carefully; favor the short word over the long.
- Do not needlessly repeat words, phrases, or ideas; do not repeat what is needed for clarity.
- Favor the active voice over the passive.
- Be specific, use concrete terms, and avoid abstract nouns (shun “-tion”).
- Avoid dangling modifiers; place modifiers as near as possible to what they modify.
- Take care in the placement of parenthetical phrases.
- Avoid shifts in subject, number, tense, voice, or viewpoint.
- Express parallel thoughts through parallel construction.
- Arrange thoughts logically; work from the simple to the more complex.
Source: Hansen (1991). Random piece of paper collected from the pile of graduate school notes that have been residing on the floor of my home office.